Puppy Care Information
*Diet: Make sure your puppy has dry food and water available at all time, including throughout the night. People tend not to feed their puppy just before bed so that it won't have the urge to go during the night. At this early stage your new puppy can't go all night without food and water. Also make available paper, litter box or potty pads so the puppy can relieve itself during the night. Always monitor how much the puppy is eating and make certain that it is getting enough to eat. We use and recommend Eukanuba Small Breed Puppy or Orjian with Nupro powdered vitamins added according to label. At 12 months of age we recommend switching them over to just Orjian and feeding twice a day still adding Nupro powdered vitamins to the food and only placing enough that the puppy will eat within 30 minutes after placing down. We also recommend giving your new puppy Nutri-Cal or another high calorie supplement once in the AM. Be aware that going to a new home is a stress full time for your new puppy and that puppies may show signs of stress in different ways, they may have diarrhea for the first few days in their new home or even salivate. Do not over bombard your new puppy the first few days after taking it home. Allow your puppy to stay in their crate and observe their surroundings.
*Hypoglycemia: Many different things can cause hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Some of these causes are stress, improper diet, a missed meal or using up to much energy during play time. Refer to the bottom of this page and please read it thoroughly. If you have any questions or concerns at all, please call me. It is also a good idea to give your puppy a fingertip full of NutriCal everyday once in the AM until your puppy reaches 6 months old to prevent low blood sugar and supply them with vitamins. If you suspect that you puppy is having a sugar drop you will want to give your puppy 1cc of karo syrup and then call your vet. We mix a small amount of karo syrup into our puppies water and recommend that you use a rabbit or ferret water bottle.
*Treats:I do not recommend treats at this stage in your puppy's life, but if you must, chicken or veal liver cooked in the oven and cut into small cubes is ok to reward during potty training along with baby carrots. Remember too many treats will throw your puppy's diet off and keep your puppy from eating their regular food. Make sure your puppy has soft toys to play with and hard toys to chew on, as they are also teething at this stage. I recommend Nylon bones for teething and NO toys made with rope or soft rubber should be giving to your puppy along with raw hides of any kind.
*Naps: Restrict your puppy's activity at this young age. Your puppy can't play all day long without regular breaks or at least they shouldn't be allowed to. There will be various reasons why you will want to confine your puppy. Naptime will be one of those reasons as well as during the night and while you are not home. You will want to purchase a small kennel and water bottle. Crate training also reduces the chances of accidental injury and helps aid in house breaking your new puppy. You will not want your puppy to play and run around for more than 15 minutes at a time and no more than 2x a day until your puppy is around 4-5 months old depending on size to prevent their blood sugar from drooping. I recommend setting up your puppies crate into sections- a section for a bed or blanket, a section for a weewee pad to go potty on and a section for your puppy’s food dish and water bottle.Please do not let your puppy outside on the ground until they are 14 weeks old (2 weeks after their last vaccination) to prevent sickness and NEVER let your puppy or adult dog on vet floors or exam tables without first wiping it down with a sanitizing wipe.
*Hypoglycemia is a medical term that means low blood sugar. sugar is important because it is the only source of energy for the brain. Hypoglycemia occurs most commonly in toy and miniature breed puppies under the age of 12 weeks. The smaller the breed, the more difficult the puppies are to raise. A puppy with hypoglycemia can have muscle weakness, muscle twitching, incoordination, severe depression and sometimes convulsions or seizures. Left untreated, the puppy can progress to coma and even death. Signs usually develop after a period of not eating. Stress is also a factor. Hypoglycemia can be seen following excessive handling, exposure to a cold room, strenuous physical exertion or digestive upsets. Treatment is aimed at returning the blood glucose to normal. If the puppy will eat, feed it. If not, try to get it to swallow a spoonful of karo syrup or honey. Do not try to make the puppy swallow if it is unconscious. Severely depressed puppies should be rushed to the veterinarian as soon as possible for intravenous treatment (Dextrose 50% should be given). Prolonged control of hypoglycemia requires frequent feedings of a high protein, high carbohydrate diet. A strip of Nutrical given between meals and even during the night can often prevent symptoms from developing. A tiny puppy left alone for a period of several hours or overnight should have food available to eat, if it feels the need. It may be required to treat the puppy for several weeks to prevent a relapse.
***Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can be life threatening to a chihuahua, Yorkies, and many other tiny breeds. A chihuahua and Yorkie have tiny livers, so they can not store very much sugar, the tinier the puppy, the smaller the liver, so normally the extra tiny babies will take extra care & attention. If the blood sugar starts getting low, you may notice your dog/puppy not showing interest in food, being less active, stumbling around, and in later stages may go into seizures and/or coma, and die. It is important that you know what to do if your puppy goes into sugar shock. First of all, don't panic!. The best way to treat sugar shock is to get some corn syrup, or nutri-cal and feed a small amount to the puppy/dog. In the later stages of sugar shock, I highly recommend Karo syrup, as it's more likely to run down their throat & act quicker to get their blood sugars back up. It is also important to get them on a heating pad, because they can lose a lot of heat and this can make things worse. It is important to minimumize the amount of stress you put on your new baby. This can be done by not taking them to pet stores, friends, and getting them in loud, scarey situations. Chihuahuas and Yorkies need a lot of rest as babies, and shouldn't be made to play if they are tired. It is also important to make sure they are getting plenty of food and water. Chihuahuas and Yorkies can be notorious for being picky, so if they don't seem to be eating well, please try mixing their food with canned food, or boiled chicken breast. If your puppy gets a loose stool for more then 24 hours, it should be taken to the vet to be sure everything is well although lose stool is common after a sugar shock episode. Thank you for reading!
Male Vs Female Puppy?
Which Makes A Better Pet Male Or Female?
Many people believe that female dogs make better pets...female preference seems to be ingrained in these people. Most calls for puppies have people wanting a 'sweet girl'. They don't think females display alpha behaviors like 'marking' and/or 'humping'. They believe that they are more docile and attentive and do not participate in fighting over dominance. Well folks, this is not true and they don't call them a 'bitch' for nothing!
In the dog pack makeup, females usually rule the roost, determine pecking order, and who compete to maintain and/or alter that order. The females are, as a result, more independent, stubborn, and territorial than their male counterparts. The females are much more intent upon exercising their dominance by participating in alpha behaviors such as 'humping'. There IS a reason people utilize the technical dog term of 'bitch' in a negative way-and it refers directly to the behaviors exhibited by the females of the dog world. Most fights will usually break out between 2 females. Males, on the other hand, are usually more affectionate, exuberant, attentive, and more demanding of attention. They are very attached to their people. They also tend to be more steadfast, reliable, and less moody. They are more outgoing, more accepting of other pets, and take quicker to children. Most boys are easily motivated by food (how true!!) and praise, and so eager to please that training is easy. However, males can be more easily distracted during training, as males like to play so often. And no matter what age, he is more likely to act silly and more puppy-like, always wanting to play games. Boys are fun loving until the day they die. Females tend to be more reserved or dignified as they age.
Neutered males rarely exhibit secondary sexual behavior such as 'humping', or 'marking' and lifting of legs. Once the testosterone levels recede after neutering, most of these behaviors (if they ever existed) will disappear. Boys who were neutered early (by 5 months of age) usually don't ever raise their leg to urinate.
And while the female will usually come to you for attention, when she's had enough, she will move away. While boys are always waiting for your attention and near at hand. Females are usually less distracted during training, as she is more eager to get it over with, and get back to her comfy spot on the couch. The female is less likely to wage a dominance battle with YOU, but she can be cunning and resourceful in getting her own way. She is much more prone to mood swings. One day she may be sweet and affectionate-the next day reserved and withdrawn or even grumpy.
Puppy Mill Information
What is a puppy Mill?I have added this section to my site because this is a cause that is close to my heart. If people would stop buying puppies from pet shops and "breeders" who have many breeds for sale, dogs would be less likely to be subject to live in these conditions. If you have considered adopting a rescue at all please, explore that option before buying from ANY breeder including myself. Please do not go any farther if you have a weak stomach. The photos on this page are vary graphic. As is the cruelty these animals are forced to live in. Anyone who breeds should do rescue and should sell on spay neuter contracts with a 100% take back at any time!!! If breeders truly care about the puppies they breed, they will be willing to take that puppy back at any time in its life!The term "Puppy mill" means different things to different people: Is a Puppy Mill. . .
Puppy mills are breeding facilities that produce purebred puppies in large numbers. The puppies are sold either directly to the public via the Internet, newspaper ads, at the mill itself, or are sold to brokers and pet shops across the country?
- A place where several breeds of dogs are raised and the breeder always has puppies for sale?
- A dirty, trashy place where one or several breeds of dogs are kept in deplorable conditions and puppies are always available?
- A place where a single breed of dog is raised in acceptable conditions and puppies are always available?
- A place where lots of dogs are raised, where breeding is done solely for financial gain rather than protection of breed integrity, and where puppies are sold to brokers or to pet stores?
- All of the above?
<<<This dog is being sold at an auction for "BREEDERS" She is being sold as a brood bitch who is pregnant almost to term.<<<
The answer depends on who you ask. . . .
Hobby breeder:A breed fancier who usually has only one breed but may have two sometimes 3 in low numbers; follows a breeding plan in efforts to preserve and protect the breed; produces from none to five litters per year; breeds only when a litter will enhance the breed and the breeding program; raises the puppies with plenty of environmental and human contact; has a contract that protects breeder, dog, and buyer; runs a small, clean kennel; screens breeding stock to eliminate hereditary defects from the breed; works with a breed club or kennel club to promote and protect the breed; and cares that each and every puppy is placed in the best home possible.
Commercial breeder:One who usually has several breeds of dogs with profit as the primary motive for existence. The dogs may be healthy or not and the kennel may be clean or not. The dogs are probably not screened for genetic diseases, and the breeding stock is probably not selected for resemblance to the breed standard or for good temperament. Most commercial breeders sell their puppies to pet stores or to brokers who sell to pet stores
.Broker: One who buys puppies from commercial kennels and sells to retail outlets. Brokers ship puppies by the crate-load on airlines or by truckload throughout the country. Brokers must be licensed by USDA and must abide by the shipping regulations in the Animal Welfare Act.
Buncher: One who collects dogs of unknown origin for sale to laboratories or other bunchers or brokers. Bunchers are considered lower on the evolutionary scale than puppy mill operators, for there is much suspicion that they buy stolen pets, collect pets advertised as "Free to a good home", and adopt unwanted pets from animal shelters for research at veterinary colleges or industrial research laboratories.
Backyard breeder: A dog owner whose pet either gets bred by accident or who breeds on purpose for a variety of reasons. This breeder is usually ignorant of the breed standard, genetics, behavior, and good health practices. A backyard breeder can very easily become a commercial breeder or a puppy mill.
Puppy mill: A breeder who produces puppies hand over fist with no breeding program, little attention to puppy placement, and poor health and socialization practices. A puppy mill may or may not be dirty but it is usually overcrowded and the dogs may be neglected or abused because the breeder can't properly handle as many dogs as he has. Puppy mill operators often denigrate hobby breeders and their dogs in attempts to make a sale. At 8 weeks of age puppies are "harvested" and cleaned up for the trip to the broker. They are bathed to clean up feces and odors they have endured during their brief lives in the puppy mill. Pus is wiped from their sad and scared eyes just before they are shoved into whatever is convenient – with any luck an approved shipping container. Some will perish, and others will be rejected by the broker only to be held back for breeding stock. Many others will be killed for their lack of monetary value and some may even be sold for research. The survivors can be seen at your local pet store, but the emotional scars and irresponsible animal husbandry can bring misery into your home instead of anticipated joy.If you have any compassion at all for the animals bred and raised under these miserable conditions, stay out of pet stores. Each puppy purchased from a pet store serves an industry with no conscience and virtually no enforcement by USDA. Thousands of unwanted animals of all ages and breeds are euthanized at shelters every day. Adopt and spay or neuter a shelter animal or rescued companion animal, and do your part to help end the fight of unseen thousands housed in puppy mills throughout the country.If you have room in your heart and home for a shelter pet I urge you to explore this avenue before you buy a dog from me or anyone else.
A PET STORE PUPPY'S STORY
I don’t remember much from the place I was born. It was cramped and dark, and we were never played with by the humans. I remember Mom and her soft fur, but she was often sick, and very thin. She had hardly any milk for me and my brothers and sisters. I remember many of them dying, and I missed them so.
I do remember the day I was taken from Mom. I was so sad and scared, my milk teeth had only just come in, and I really should have been with Mom still, but she was so sick, and the Humans kept saying that they wanted money and were sick of the “mess” that me and my sister made. So we were crated up and taken to a strange place. Just the two of us. We huddled together and were scared, still no human hands came to pet or love us.
So many sights and sounds, and smells! We are in a store where there are many different animals! Some that squawk! some that meow! Some that Peep! My sister and I are jammed into a small cage, I hear other puppies here. I see humans look at me, I like the ‘little humans’, the kids. they look so sweet, and fun, like they would play with me!
All day we stay in the small cage, sometimes mean people will hit the glass and frighten us, every once in a while we are taken out to be held or shown to humans. Some are gentle, some hurt us, we always hear “Aw they are So cute! I want one!” but we never get to go with any.
My sister died last night, when the store was dark. I lay my head on her soft fur and felt the life leave her small thin body. I had heard them say she was sick, and that I should be sold at a “discount price” so that I would quickly leave the store. I think my soft whine was the only one that mourned for her as her body was taken out of the cage in the morning and dumped.
Today, a family came and bought me! Oh happy day! They are a nice family, they really, really wanted me! They had bought a dish and food and the little girl held me so tenderly in her arms. I love her so much! The mom and dad say what a sweet and good puppy I am! I am named Angel. I love to lick my new humans!
The family takes such good care of me, they are loving and tender and sweet. They gently teach me right and wrong, give me good food, and lots of love! I want only to please these wonderful people! I love the little girl and I enjoy running and playing with her.
Today I went to the veterinarian. it was a strange place and I was frightened. I got some shots, but my best friend the little girl held me softly and said it would be OK. So I relaxed. The Vet must have said sad words to my beloved family, because they looked awfully sad. I heard Severe hip dysplacia, and something about my heart… I heard the vet say something about, back yard breeders and my parents not being tested. I know not what any of that means, just that it hurts me to see my family so sad. But they still love me, and I still love them very much!
I am 6 months old now. Where most other puppies are robust and rowdy, it hurts me terribly just to move. The pain never lets up. It hurts to run and play with my beloved little girl, and I find it hard to breath. I keep trying my best to be the strong pup I know I am supposed to be, but it is so hard. It breaks my heart to see the little girl so sad, and to hear the Mom and Dad talk about “it might now be the time”. Several times I have went to
that veterinarians place, and the news is never good. Always talk about Congenital Problems. I just want to feel the warm sunshine and run, and play and nuzzle with my family.
Last night was the worst, Pain has been my constant companion now, it hurts even to get up and get a drink. I try to get up but can only whine in pain. I am taken in the car one last time. Everyone is so sad, and I don’t know why. Have I been bad? I try to be good and loving, what have I done wrong? Oh if only this pain would be gone! If only I could soothe the tears of the little girl. I reach out my muzzle to lick her hand, but can only whine in pain.
The veterinarians table is so cold. I am so frightened. The humans all hug and love me, they cry into my soft fur. I can feel their love and sadness. I manage to lick softly their hands. Even the vet doesn’t seem so scary today. He is gentle and I sense some kind of relief for my pain. The little girl holds me softly and I thank her, for giving me all her love. I feel a soft pinch in my foreleg. The pain is beginning to lift, I am beginning to feel a peace descend upon me. I can now softly lick her hand. My vision is becoming dreamlike now, and I see my Mother and my brothers and sisters, in a far off green place. They tell me there is no pain there, only peace and happiness. I tell the family, good-bye in the only way I know how, a soft wag of my tail and a nuzzle of my nose. I had hoped to spend many, many moons with them, but it was not meant to be. “You see,” said the veterinarian, “Pet shop puppies do not come from ethical breeders.”
The pain ends now, and I know it will be many years until I see my beloved family again. If only things could have been different.
If you suspect someone of running a puppy mill please alert local authorities
BE AWARE OF SCAMMERS
***CH SCAM! There is a web site that calls itself the "American Champion Club" that sells "American Champion" certificates for $45. You just send them two photos of your dog, tell them what breed it is suppose to be, plus $45 and you get your certificate within seven days. Seems to me that $45 is a lot of money for a piece of paper you can print out on your computer! However, if you are looking for a puppy, be sure you know who awarded that "CH" to the parents!
***ANOTHER SCAM: An on-line puppy miller has STOLEN the kennel name of a prominent long-time breeder! She is using the kennel name, the other person's last name, even photos of the other person's champion dogs and the health records of those dogs! Although the real person is well known in the breeding community and has shown and bred for many years, she had never registered her kennel name with the AKC. So- the puppy miller has actually registered dogs using the stolen kennel name! So be careful that you are talking to the real person! Also check the kennel name carefully. AKC registers an exact name only. Update: This went to court and the "bad guy" was fined. That will not, however, prevent her from trying this again!
***AN EVEN WORSE SCAM! The owner of another prominent kennel was shocked when people started calling her wanting to know when they would get their pup...and she had never heard of them! Turns out some bad guys were using her kennel name and advertising on one of the on-line puppy sales sites. People actually wired them money for non-existent puppies! This case has been turned over to the FBI, but these folks will probably never recover their money.